Lavandula angustifolia is a perennial shrub in the mint family that’s also known as common lavender and English lavender. Despite the latter reference, however, lavender is not native to England but to the western Mediterranean region.
Because the flowers of this herb are highly aromatic, they are widely used in the production of cosmetics and perfumes. They are also in cooking, especially in French cuisine. For example, together with rosemary, marjoram and thyme, lavender is a key ingredient in the classic French seasoning blend known as Herbs de Provence.